Health Policy Project

The Health Policy Project ended in 2016. Work continued under Health Policy Plus (HP+) until 2022.


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Leaders Discuss Universal Coverage at Health Financing Summit in Kenya

Multisectoral discussion aimed at building consensus for new finance strategy to reduce out-of-pocket expense for healthcare for citizens

Posted September 10, 2012

 Image of Kenyan Minister o orMedical Services, Anyang Nyon’go
“The journey to universal coverage is long and participation of all stakeholders is critical,” said Hon. Prof. Anyang Nyon’go, Minister for Medical Services, during his keynote address at the Health Care Financing Stakeholders Conference in Nairobi, Kenya.
Photo by Health Policy Project
NAIROBI, Kenya—In partnership with the Kenyan Ministries of Health, the Health Policy Project (HPP) hosted a meeting August 30, 2012 on financing strategies to expand citizens’ access to healthcare. More than 100 participants from the government, private sector, civil society, and development partners attended the roundtable, which centered on how to best use budgetary resources to help the country reach its goal of universal health insurance coverage for citizens.

The new Kenyan constitution, enacted in 2010, outlines a framework to alleviate poverty, with a focus on improving governance and addressing inequalities in health, education, and economic growth. To ensure these goals are met, the government is in the process of revising health-related policies and regulations to strengthen the national healthcare system. During this period of transition, HPP is working with government and health institutions to develop effective and efficient financing mechanisms that maximize the country’s funding resources while expanding access to affordable, high-quality services.

During the meeting, the National Hospital Insurance Fund presented findings from a recent survey, which estimated that only 18 percent of Kenyans are covered by any form of health insurance. Out-of-pocket health expenditures account for approximately 40 percent of total health spending. This means that for many families and individuals, and especially among the poor, the costs of services are prohibitive and constitute a significant barrier to seeking care.

In his keynote address, Prof. Anyang Nyon’go, Minister for Medical Services, emphasized the need for broad participation among multiple sectors to build consensus and act swiftly in developing a new healthcare financing strategy. The Minister remarked on the progress of decentralizing funds to health facilities and the importance of strengthening the efficiency of county-level institutions to maximize these funding resources. Minister Nyon’go acknowledged that public financing alone cannot achieve the goal of universal coverage. He urged participants to explore new sources to raise additional funds, as well as develop a funding mechanism that will cut out-of-pocket costs to citizens.

Ms. Ngari, Permanent Secretary for the Ministry of Medical Services, assured stakeholders that the Ministries of Health are open to objective and technically sound proposals, which will enrich the process of developing and finalizing the draft health care financing strategy.

Mr. Kabati, Director General for Kenya Vision 2030—the long-term national development plan—pledged support to the Ministries of Health in developing a healthcare financing strategy and highlighted the need to consult the private sector and other arms of government to build consensus.

Dr. Tharworn, an expert on health financing from Thailand, attended the conference and shared experience from his country’s successful efforts to reach 80 percent of the Thai population with universal coverage for healthcare services. His presentation underscored the need for strong government commitment to provide leadership and direction to the process of attaining universal coverage.

While all countries have common health goals, he noted that there is no specific blueprint or model for Kenya to adopt. However, Dr. Tharworn illustrated the similarity of Kenya’s economy to that of Thailand at the time of his country’s commitment toward achieving universal health coverage and highlighted the importance of providing universal coverage as a way to reduce poverty. This approach was used in Thailand to help raise government expenditures on health programs to 14 percent of its total budget. He advised that it is possible to achieve universal coverage with multiple health schemes, but called for regulation and stressed the importance of examining the entire health delivery system rather than equating health care financing to raising money.

A representative from the National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF) made a presentation on the current reforms the institution is undertaking to increase coverage to its members. He indicated that despite Kenya’s large uninsured population, NHIF has increased its revenue base to Kshs 9.4 billion (US $111.4 million) and reduced administration costs to 32 percent from the high of 50 percent a few years ago. In order to further improve on governance and efficiency, the speaker said, NHIF intends to review the NHIF Act and requested support in this area. In addition, NHIF is eagerly waiting for the household expenditure and utilization survey to be conducted with the support from HPP to inform the development of an enhanced health benefit package.

In all, participants expressed optimism on the process of achieving universal health coverage with the use of NHIF as one of the mechanisms. Participants also agreed that the process needs to be consultative and transparent, with the government taking leadership.   

The Nairobi meeting was an important step in creating a collaborative, transparent environment to develop an effective finance mechanism that will help Kenya provide high-quality healthcare to citizens. HPP will continue to provide support to government ministries, health institutions, and other organizations as they develop innovative and equitable financing strategies to enhance access to healthcare.

Read more about Health Policy Project program in Kenya


Below are links to presentations made by officials and health experts at the Health Care Financing Stakeholders Meeting on August 30, 2012:

Ministry of Medical Services Presentation: Health Care Financing Reforms in Kenya (PDF)

National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF) Presentation: Expanding Insurance Coverage through NHIF (PDF)

Presentation: Universal Health Care Coverage through Pluralistic Approaches in Thailand (PDF)

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The Health Policy Project is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development under Agreement No. AID-OAA-A-10-00067, beginning September 30, 2010. The project's HIV-related activities are supported by the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). It is implemented by Futures Group, in collaboration with Plan International USA, Avenir Health (previously Futures Institute), Partners in Population and Development, Africa Regional Office (PPD ARO), Population Reference Bureau (PRB), RTI International, and White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood (WRA). The information provided on this Web site is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government.

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