Country & Regional Programs
- ► Africa
- ► Asia and the Middle East
- ► Europe and Eurasia (E&E)
- ► Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)
Over the past several decades, Kenya has become an economic hub in East Africa. However, many segments of the population have minimal access to high-quality healthcare and social services. In 2010, the Government of Kenya enacted a new constitution which outlines a framework to alleviate poverty, with a focus on improving governance and addressing inequalities in health, education, and economic growth. The new constitution creates a new, restructured system of devolved governance with two tiers of elected government at national and county levels. As a result, health-related policies and regulations will need to be revised in order to help the government attain its goal of strengthening the national healthcare system, particularly at the county and community levels.
What We Do
The Health Policy Project (HPP) is working with partners in Kenya to strengthen the country’s health systems during the transition to a devolved system of government and a decentralized health infrastructure. Our programs provide technical assistance to strengthen the use of data and evidence in formulating effective new health policies and laws. We also work with government and health institutions to develop effective and efficient financing mechanisms that maximize the country’s funding resources to deliver high-quality, equitable, and affordable healthcare services to all Kenyans.
Provide Assistance in Policy Formulation, Dissemination, and Implementation
Sound policies based on a solid base of data and evidence are the cornerstone of every country’s health systems. HPP works with several ministries and agencies within the Government of Kenya to help strengthen the use of evidence-based decision-making in formulating new health laws and policy documents. Our program also promotes open dialogue, helping form consensus in implementing new decentralized health strategies that expand the reach of essential services and commodities.
Strengthen Capacity for Results-Based Health Financing and Budgeting
HPP provides support to government ministries, health institutions, and other organizations to develop innovative and equitable financing strategies that enhance access to healthcare. We also provide technical assistance in implementing information systems to track costs and expenditures and monitor service delivery areas. As a result, stakeholders are better able to analyze the effectiveness of these strategies and use this information to maximize the resources needed to improve the health of Kenyans, especially poor and marginalized populations.
Delegates attending HPP workshop
Strengthen Capacity of Kenyan Institutions to Participate in Health Policy Formulation
To help ensure long-term sustainability in Kenyan health policy, HPP is working to build the capacity of local institutions to engage Ministry of Health and other government officials during the decision-making process and lend their voice to formulate policies that ensure equitable access to health services. We also provide technical assistance to these organizations to help them monitor and evaluate their capacity development plans and improve their overall effectiveness.
Publications and Resources
Catastrophic Health Expenditures and Impoverishment in Kenya
Using data from the Kenya Household Health Expenditure and Utilization Surveys and descriptive analysis, the Health Policy Project, with support from USAID and PEPFAR, estimated the incidence and intensity of catastrophic healthcare expenditure and impoverishment in Kenya in 2003 and 2007.
Healthcare Financing Options for Kenya: FY 2013/14–2029/30
In order to expand and ensure widespread access to healthcare services and protect households from what are termed "catastrophic" health expenditures, Kenya needs alternative and sustainable healthcare financing mechanisms. The Health Policy Project supported the government of Kenya to analyze the long-term health delivery costs and health financing options available to the country. Employing a number of economic and health financing tools, the analysis
Devolution of Kenya’s Health System: The Role of HPP
This brief gives an overview of HPP/Kenya’s role in the devolution of Kenya’s health system including supporting national level stakeholders to consider the implications of devolution; incorporating legislative guidance on decentralization into health sector planning; facilitating county-level institutional reform; and ensuring that county health management teams have the structures necessary to respond to the challenges of devolution.
Policy Analysis and Advocacy Decision Model for Services for Key Populations in Kenya
The Policy Analysis and Advocacy Decision Model for Services for Key Populations in Kenya provides stakeholders—including policy makers, service providers, and advocates—with tools to assess and advocate policies that govern accessibility and sustainability of services for key populations (men who have sex with men, sex workers, people who inject drugs, and transgender people). By comparing existing Kenyan policies to the global normative guidelines and best practices, the model reveals gaps and challenges in implementation.
Kenya County Health Fact Sheets
HPP worked with the Kenya Ministry of Health to create 47 County Health Fact Sheets that provide a county-level snapshot of selected health indicators in Kenya. They display county-specific health data and compare those data to national figures. The fact sheets bring together data from a wide array of sources and are intended to be a quick reference for a broad audience, including advocates, policymakers, health sector stakeholders, and development partners. To view or download the fact sheets for individual counties, click here.
HPP collaborates with a range of in-country and international partners in Kenya, including:
- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ)
- Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA)
- Kenya National Bureau of Statistics
- Ministry of Medical Services
- Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation
- National AIDS Control Council
- National HIV/AIDS and STD Control Programme
- The World Bank
- World Health Organization (WHO)