Health Policy Project

The Health Policy Project ended in 2016. Work continued under Health Policy Plus (HP+) until 2022.


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Preventing Transfusion-Transmissible Infections in Kenya: Steps to Increase the Supply of Screened Blood
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Author(s): Arin Dutta, Margaret Odour, and Daniel Mwai

Primary Language: English

Date: 9/28/2012


HIV, hepatitis A, hepatitis C, and syphilis are all transfusion-transmissible infections that can arise from the use of unscreened blood. In collaboration with Kenya's National Blood Transfusion Services (NBTS), the Health Policy Project examined the current status of blood screening in Kenya and two key steps that could help reduce the risk of transmissible infections. Relevant research questions revealed that Kenya, like other sub-Saharan African countries, needs to completely screen, in both facilities and donation centers, the blood of all family replacement donors as well as voluntary donors. It also needs to increase the total supply of screened blood to meet the needs of a growing population. This brief summarizes the analysis conducted, presents the cost-benefit results of completely screening the existing blood supply (in terms of infections averted), and outlines cost-efficient steps for increasing the total screened blood supply.

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The Health Policy Project is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development under Agreement No. AID-OAA-A-10-00067, beginning September 30, 2010. The project's HIV-related activities are supported by the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). It is implemented by Futures Group, in collaboration with Plan International USA, Avenir Health (previously Futures Institute), Partners in Population and Development, Africa Regional Office (PPD ARO), Population Reference Bureau (PRB), RTI International, and White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood (WRA). The information provided on this Web site is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government.

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