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Malawi RAPID: Population and Development: Update January 2012 (Booklet)
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Author(s): Ministry of Finance and Development Planning

Primary Language: English

Date: 2/15/2012


This briefing book aims to raise awareness about the impact of population growth on Malawi's development. It includes projections of population growth from 2008 to 2040 based on two hypothetical population scenarios. One scenario assumes that women in Malawi will continue to have 5.7 children on average during their lifetime, while the other scenario assumes a gradual decline in fertility to 3 children per women. The first scenario with continued high fertility shows the population growing from about 13 million in 2008 to 38 million in 2040. By contrast, the second scenario with lower fertility shows an increase from about 13 million in 2008 to 30 million in 2040. By 2040, Malawi would have more than 8 million fewer people if women were to have three children instead of nearly six. 

These projections demonstrate the impact that rapid population growth can have on various sectors, such as education, health, agriculture and food security, environment and land use, and the labor force and employment. In the case of education and health, a slower population growth rate results in less pressure on the government budget to provide free primary education and public health services. 

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The Health Policy Project is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development under Agreement No. AID-OAA-A-10-00067, beginning September 30, 2010. The project's HIV-related activities are supported by the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). It is implemented by Futures Group, in collaboration with Plan International USA, Avenir Health (previously Futures Institute), Partners in Population and Development, Africa Regional Office (PPD ARO), Population Reference Bureau (PRB), RTI International, and White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood (WRA). The information provided on this Web site is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government.

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