Health Policy Project

The Health Policy Project ended in 2016. Work continued under Health Policy Plus (HP+) until 2022.


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Jordan RAPID: Population Growth & Its Impact on Energy
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Author(s): Higher Population Council and Health Policy Project

Primary Language: English

Date: 8/7/2013


Energy is extremely expensive in Jordan, and 97 percent of all energy used in Jordan is imported. Energy costs are equivalent to nearly 21 percent of the total annual gross domestic product; energy costs are equivalent to 32 percent of the value of all annual imports; and energy costs are equivalent to the value of 83 percent of all exports. As the population grows, so will the consumption of energy, and consequently, the expenses to provide the amount of energy required in the future. If Jordan is to meet its future needs for energy, it must address multiple issues, including the scarcity of local oil, rising prices of oil in the international market, critical and serious supply-demand imbalances, costly new sources (infrastructure and operating), and the increasing pressure on resources from changes in population, development, and lifestyles. Resolving these issues will take a concerted effort and commitment from the government and the people of Jordan; and each of these issues needs to be addressed in multiple and different ways. One of the least expensive approaches that can be taken immediately, and is the underlying theme of this presentation, is to reduce population growth. 

This RAPID presentation, developed by the Health Policy Project in collaboration with the Jordan Higher Population Council, demonstrates that future population growth will directly affect the ability of Jordan to provide sufficient energy resources. While reducing population growth will not be sufficient in eliminating all of the energy issues facing the country, it is a necessary step that needs to be taken in combination with many others if Jordan is to successfully resolve its pressing energy situation.


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The Health Policy Project is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development under Agreement No. AID-OAA-A-10-00067, beginning September 30, 2010. The project's HIV-related activities are supported by the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). It is implemented by Futures Group, in collaboration with Plan International USA, Avenir Health (previously Futures Institute), Partners in Population and Development, Africa Regional Office (PPD ARO), Population Reference Bureau (PRB), RTI International, and White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood (WRA). The information provided on this Web site is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government.

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