Health Policy Project

The Health Policy Project ended in 2016. Work continued under Health Policy Plus (HP+) until 2022.


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The Demographic Dividend: The Window of Opportunity
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Author(s): Health Policy Project

Primary Language: English

Date: 3/31/2013


Investment in family planning improves health outcomes, shapes a country’s demographic path, and strengthens the impact of other development initiatives in youth employment, education, training, and health. One potential benefit of family planning investment is the demographic dividend, a boost in economic growth and productivity that can raise incomes and allow families and governments to improve the health, education, and well-being of future generations. Age structure is the critical factor in opening the window of opportunity for population change necessary to achieve the demographic dividend. This Health Policy Project webpage,, shows animated population age structures in countries with high fertility rates between 1980 and 2040. Users can compare countries to each other and also see how a country's age structure will be different in the future based on a low- or high-fertility scenario.


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Demographic Dividend    Family Planning/Reproductive Health (FP/RH)    Software/Model   
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The Health Policy Project is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development under Agreement No. AID-OAA-A-10-00067, beginning September 30, 2010. The project's HIV-related activities are supported by the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). It is implemented by Futures Group, in collaboration with Plan International USA, Avenir Health (previously Futures Institute), Partners in Population and Development, Africa Regional Office (PPD ARO), Population Reference Bureau (PRB), RTI International, and White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood (WRA). The information provided on this Web site is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government.

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