Health Policy Project

The Health Policy Project has ended, but work continues under a new USAID five-year project, Health Policy Plus (HP+).

Gender and Sexual Diversity Resources: Module 2



Module 2: Concepts and Terminology

To ensure that diversity and inclusion are supported in the workplace and development programs, employers and staff need to have a comprehensive understanding of gender and sexual diversity (GSD) concepts and terminology. In module 2, participants explore and discuss these in order to identify actions that can contribute to making workplace environments welcoming and affirming spaces. This knowledge also contributes to the impact of programs that address GSD.

Diversity and Inclusion in the Workforce

The following resources provide a conceptual framework to understand diversity and support inclusion in the workplace and programs.

Business Case for Diversity with Inclusion
Highlighted from the US case study: "Recruiting, retaining, and promoting diverse employees are critical to a corporation's success in this evolving marketplace. These efforts must be carefully planned, nurtured, and measured to ensure success." This document provides a business case for diversity in workplace settings and offers unique insights specifically related to gender and sexual minorities.

Documented Evidence of Employment Discrimination & Its Effects on LGBT People
This review excerpts key findings from two recent reports providing evidence of discrimination in the work place. The Executive Summary states that, "Although sexual orientation and gender identity have no relationship to workplace performance, during the past four decades a large body of research using a variety of methodologies has consistently documented high levels of discrimination against…[LGBT] people at work."

The Business Impact of LGBT-Supportive Policies
As put forth in the introduction, "The 'business case for diversity' suggests that…diversity in the workplace will lead to lower costs and/or higher revenues, improving the bottom line. Not surprisingly, employers have considered the economic benefits of adding…LGBT-supportive policies, including sexual orientation and gender-identity nondiscrimination policies and domestic partner benefits policies."

Video Resources

You can click the title to watch the video here, or follow the link to open on TED. Title and descriptions reflect those available on TED at the time of posting.

Workplace Best Practices

The following resources highlight best practices in implementing organizational policies that help create an inclusive work environment.

Building LGBT-Inclusive Workplaces: Engaging Organizations and Individuals in Change
This report describes the workplace experiences of…LGBT employees and supports the development of programs and practices that leverage diversity, foster inclusion, and increase awareness, accountability, and action. While protecting employees from discrimination…organizations must [also] move discourse beyond anti-discrimination policies to everyday issues facing LGBT employees.

Diversity & Inclusion: Guidance Regarding the Employment of Transgender Individuals in the Federal Workplace
The purpose of this [U.S.] memorandum is not to address legal rights and remedies, but instead to provide guidance to address some of the common questions that agencies have raised with OPM [Office of Personnel Management] regarding the employment of transgender individuals in the federal workplace.

Global Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Inclusion: Advocating Change Across Contexts
This document is a tool for diversity and inclusion practitioners, human resources staff, and others involved with advancing the progress of…LGBT individuals in the workplace. It will help users to think critically about potential barriers to LGBT inclusion globally, and further their understanding of how to implement successful policies and programs across contexts.

Stonewall's Diversity Champions Programme
This website provides best practices for integrating gender and sexual diversity issues into the workplace.

The genderbread person graphically illustrates the concepts of gender identity, sexual orientation and desire, and biological sex

Expanded Terminology, Theories, and Concepts

Understanding of GSD terminology and concepts is essential in ensuring their successful integration into workplace policies and programmatic solutions. The following resources provide an overview and in-depth understanding of these concepts.

A Social Justice Advocate's Handbook: A Guide to Gender
This handbook is a guide to gender from a social justice perspective… It offers clear, easily-digested, and practical explanations of one of the most commonly misunderstood things about people.

The Gender Book
The Gender Book is a community-based resource that illustrates the diversity of gender. This resource can be seen as a gender 101 for anyone around the world.

Video Resources

You can click the title to watch the video here, or follow the link to open on TED. Title and descriptions reflect those available on TED at the time of posting.

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The Health Policy Project is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development under Agreement No. AID-OAA-A-10-00067, beginning September 30, 2010. The project's HIV-related activities are supported by the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). It is implemented by Futures Group, in collaboration with Plan International USA, Avenir Health (previously Futures Institute), Partners in Population and Development, Africa Regional Office (PPD ARO), Population Reference Bureau (PRB), RTI International, and White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood (WRA). The information provided on this Web site is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government.

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