Health Policy Project

The Health Policy Project has ended, but work continues under a new USAID five-year project, Health Policy Plus (HP+).


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Family Planning Improves Food Security: Evidence from Studies in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
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Author(s): Ellen Smith and Rhonda Smith

Primary Language: English

Date: 5/30/2015


Tackling undernutrition and achieving food security will require cross-sector collaboration, innovative approaches, and optimizing the use of all available interventions. In 2014, the USAID-funded Health Policy Project conducted two reviews of the empirical evidence on the impacts of one intervention—family planning—on food security and nutritional status, respectively. 

This brief on food security shows that voluntary family planning can decrease fertility rates and slow the pace of population growth, thus reducing food needs as well as strains on agricultural resources. In this way, family planning supports the four main pillars of food security—availability, access, utilization/consumption, and stability—and can help ensure that people have both physical and economic access to sufficient food. 

The accompanying report can be found here, and a companion brief on nutrition is available here.

Also see the companion desk review synthesizing the programmatic experiences of integrating family planning with food security and nutrition. It was conducted by the Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance III Project (FANTA) and is available here:

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Brief    Family Planning/Reproductive Health (FP/RH)    Nutrition    Global  
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The Health Policy Project is a five-year cooperative agreement funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development under Agreement No. AID-OAA-A-10-00067, beginning September 30, 2010. The project's HIV-related activities are supported by the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). It is implemented by Futures Group, in collaboration with Plan International USA, Avenir Health (previously Futures Institute), Partners in Population and Development, Africa Regional Office (PPD ARO), Population Reference Bureau (PRB), RTI International, and White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood (WRA). The information provided on this Web site is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government.

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